A revision of the genus Hygrohypnum in Russia is presented. The bryoflora of Russia includes 12 species : H. alpestre, H. bestii, H. cochlearifolium, H. duriusculum, H. eugyrium, H. luridum, H. molle, H. norvegicum, H. ochraceum, H. polare, H. smithii, H. subeugyrium. All species are described, illustrated, mapped, selected speciemens are cited, and a key is provided.