Moss flora of Nature Reserve Shulgan-Tash (Republic Bashkhortostan, Russia) includes 192 species. Bryological characteristics of all types of vegetation are described. The annotated list includes data on species frequency, habitats. Among rare species are Brachythecium geheebii, Dicranum viride, Entodon schleicheri, E. concinnus, Herzogiella seligeri, Pylaisia selwynii, Rhynchostegium arcticum, Iwatsukiella leucotricha, Bryhnia scabrida.