Kostromskaya taiga station is situated in the Central part of European Russia, in the western part of Priunzhenskaya Lowland, 58° 14’ N; 44° 25’ E, 70–170m. alt. This territory includes about 250 km2. We found the bryophyte flora consists of 167 species and 3 varietis of mosses, 22 of them – sphagna species. An annotated list includes species frequency (com-fr-sp-rar-un), and habitat characteristics. Bryhnia scabrida is reported for European Russia for a second time. A comparison with some bryophyte floras of state reserves of Central European Russia is provided.