Kostromskaya taiga station is situated in the Central part of European Russia, in the western part of Priunzhenskaya Lowland, 58 14 N; 44 25 E, 70170m. alt. This territory includes about 250 km2. We found the bryophyte flora consists of 167 species and 3 varietis of mosses, 22 of them sphagna species. An annotated list includes species frequency (com-fr-sp-rar-un), and habitat characteristics. Bryhnia scabrida is reported for European Russia for a second time. A comparison with some bryophyte floras of state reserves of Central European Russia is provided.